Simmons Gainsford Payroll Public Sector IR35

Off Payroll Working in the Public Sector

When the legislation on the taxation of services provided through intermediaries (commonly known as the IR35 rules) was introduced in 2000, the then Government decided that the tax consequences of loming within the legislation would fall on the company providing the services and not the end user of the services provided.

Whilst this decision may have been as a result of lobbying on the part of big businesses, pushing the decision making process down the chain has meant that HMRC has been left with many more companies to review to ensure compliance with the IR35 rules. This, combined with an apparent reluctance to enforce the rules other than in a few published cases, has meant that the rules have not been as effective as they should have been.

In particular, it has become apparent that one of the biggest areas in which perceived abuse of the PAYE/IR35 rules has taken place is within the provision of services to the Public Sector. As a consequence, new rules have been introduced in the 2017 Finance Act, effective from 6 April 2017, which impact where the end user of a service is a public body.

The criteria for deciding whether the anti-avoidance rules apply are largely unchanged, and so it is still necessary to consider whether the individual carrying out the services would be an employee or self-employed person.

Simmons Gainsford IR35 Payroll Public Sector

However, where the end user is a public body, as defined in the Freedom of Information Act 2000, these are some significant changes to the way in which the fees earned under relevant contracts will be taxed. The principal changes are as follows:


  1. It is now a requirement for the public body to determine whether a contract is one which will fall within the new rules.
  2. If a contract is caught by the new rules then there will be an obligation to deduct and account for PAYE and NIC on the payments being made.
  3. Unlike the existing IR35 rules, these deductions will be made when payments are made, and not after the end of the tax year. In addition, there will be no 5% allowance for expenses, as applies under the IR35 rules.
  4. Where there is a direct arrangement between the public body and the company providing the services of the individual then it will be the public body which has the obligation to account for PAYE and NIC. However where there is a chain of business providers, then it is the company immediately above the company providing the individual‘s services that has the obligation to account for PAYE and NIC.

In all scenarios it remains the responsibility of the public body to decide whether these rules will apply to contracts. Failure to do so will result in the public body becoming liable for costs and penalties if it is later found that the rules do apply.

If the public body decides that the rules do apply then the service providers are entitled to appeal this decision by making representations to the public body.

However, given the consequences that would ensue for the public body getting this wrong, we believe it is unlikely that such representations will be successful.

If you believe you may be affected by these changes then please contact Stephen Williams in our tax department or your normal relationship partner.

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